TABLE OF CONTENTS

GENERAL INTRODUCTION

PART ONE

FUNDAMENTALS OF HISTORICAL MATERIALISM

INTRODUCTION
1. TOWARD A NEW CONCEPTION OF HISTORY

A. The Law of Evolution in Human History, ENGELS, "Speech at the Graveside of Karl Marx"

B. What Marx Discovered, MARX, Letter to Weydemeyer

C. Technology and Social Evolution, MARX, Capital, vol.I

D. "The Premises From Which We Begin," MARX & ENGELS, The German Ideology

E. The Marxist Theory of History, ENGELS, "Karl Marx"

F. Production: Its Logic and Its History, MARX, A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy

G. Existence and Consciousness, MARX & ENGELS, The German Ideology

H. Modern Historical Developments Made A Science of History Possible, ENGELS, Socialism: Utopian and Scientific

2. BOURGEOIS AND PROLETARIAN, MARX & ENGELS, The Communist Manifesto
3. BASIC ROLE OF THE MODE OF PRODUCTION

A. Mode of Production Determines the Social, Political and Intellectual Life Processes, MARX, A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy

B. The Economic Foundation, the Superstructure, and Their Interaction, ENGELS, Letter to Conrad Schmidt

C. The Class Basis of Ideology, MARX & ENGELS, The German Ideology

D. Dependence of Ideology on the Mode of Production, MARX, Capital, vol.I

E. "Juristic Socialism", ENGELS, Neue Zeit

4. HISTORY AND THE INDIVIDUAL

A. The Driving Forces of History, ENGELS, Ludwig Feuerbach

B. "Men Make Their Own History", MARX, The Eighteenth Brumaire

5. HISTORICAL MATERIALISM NOT AN ABSTRACT FORMULA

A. No Eternal Truths in Historical Science, ENGELS, Anti-Dühring

B. On Concreteness in the Study of History, MARX, Letter to editor of Notes on the Fatherland

C. Historical Materialism: "A Guide to Study, Not a Lever for Construction, ENGELS, Letter to Conrad Schmidt

D. Form and Content in History: The Ideologist, ENGELS, Letter to Franz Mehring

6. HISTORICAL MATERIALISM VERSUS ECONOMIC DETERMINISM

A. Technique; Base and Superstructure; Role of Accidents, ENGELS, Letter to Heinz Starkenburg

B. Polemic Against Economic Determinism, ENGELS, Letter to Joseph Bloch

C. Critique of "Survival of the Fittest", ENGELS, Dialectics of Nature

D. Historical Necessity versus Freedom of Will, LENIN, What the 'Friends of the People' Are

E. Marx's "Idea of Materialism in Sociology," LENIN, ibid.



PART TWO

HISTORY IN THE MAKING

INTRODUCTION
1. FRANCE: 1848-1851

A. France: 1789 to 1848, ENGELS, "Introduction," The Civil War in France

B. The June Revolution, MARX, Neue Rheinishe Zeitung

C. The Working Class and the Uprising of 1848, MARX, The Class Struggles in France: 1848-1850

D. Phases of the French Revolution: 1848-1851, MARX, The Eighteenth Brumaire

E. The French Peasant and the Wine Tax, MARX, The Class Struggles in France: 1848-1850

F. Louis Napoleon and the Peasantry, MARX, The Eighteenth Brumaire

G. Landed Property and Ideology, MARX, ibid.

2. FRANCE: 1870-1871 - THE FRANCO-PRUSSIAN WAR AND THE PARIS COMMUNE

A. The Paris Revolution of September 4th, 1870, ENGELS, "Introduction", The Civil War in France

B. Nature of the Paris Commune: Its Distinction From Older Forms, MARX, The Civil War in France

C. Political Makeup of the Paris Commune, ENGELS, "Introduction", The Civil War in France

D. On "Smashing" the State Machinery, MARX, Letter to Dr. Kugelmann

3. GERMANY

A. Petty-Bourgeois Character of German Development, MARX & ENGELS, The German Ideology

B. Why the German Bourgeoisie Is Reactionary, ENGELS, The Peasant War in Germany

C. Bismarck, ENGELS, The Role of Force in History

4. ENGLAND: Politics and the Working Class

A. The Industrial Revolution and the English Working Class, ENGELS, The Condition of the Working Class in England

B. Misery of the Working Masses, MARX, "Inaugural Address of the International Working Men's Association"

5. ENGLAND'S COLONIAL EMPIRE

A. Ireland: Bulwark of the Landed Aristocracy, MARX, Letter to Meyer and Vogt

B. Ireland and the English Working Class, MARX, Letter to Dr. Kugelmann

C. The Future Results of British Rule in India, MARX, New York Tribune

D. British Incomes in India, MARX, ibid.

6. REVOLUTIONARY SPAIN, MARX, New York Tribune
7. THE UNITED STATES: THE CIVIL WAR

A. John Brown: American Slaves and Russian Serfs, MARX, Letter to Engels

B. Harpers Ferry, ENGELS, Letter to Marx

C. Control of Washington: the Military Objective, ENGELS, Letter to Marx

D. How the English Press Distorts the Slavery Issue, MARX, Die Presse

E. President Lincoln and General McClellan, MARX, ibid.

F. "The Secessionist Conspiracy," A War Without Parallel, MARX, ibid.

G. From "Constitutional" to "Revolutionary" War, MARX, ibid.

H. A Historical Prediction, ENGELS, Letter to Weydemeyer

I. Letter to President Lincoln, MARX, "Address of the International Working Men's Association"

J. Marx and Engels on President Johnson, MARX, Letter to Engels; ENGELS, Letter to Marx

8. THE UNITED STATES: POLITICS AND THE LABOR MOVEMENT

A. Close of the Civil War Brings a New Era, MARX, "Address to the National Labor Union"

B. Political Parties in the United States, ENGELS, "Introduction", The Civil War in France

C. Privileged Position of the Native-born Working Class, ENGELS, Letter to Schlüter

D. "The Americans Cannot Discount Their Future", ENGELS, Letter to Sorge

E. Dogmatic Marxism and the Henry George Boom, ENGELS, Letter to Sorge

F. Development of the Working Class, ENGELS, "Appendix", The Condition of the Working Class in England

G. "The American Working Class is Moving", ENGELS, Letter to Mrs. Wischnewetzky

9. RUSSIA

A. On Maturing Revolutionary Conditions in Russia, MARX, Letter to Sorge

B. Russia on the Eve of Revolution, ENGELS, "On Social Conditions in Russia"

C. The Developing Revolutionary Situation in Russia, ENGELS, Letter to Zasulich

D. Russia, Germany, and World War, ENGELS, Letter to Sorge

E. Consequences of a World War, ENGELS, "Preface", Borkheim's In Memory of the Supreme German Patriots

F. The "Mission" of Capitalism in Russia, LENIN, The Development of Capitalism in Russia

G. The 1905 Revolution, LENIN, "Lecture on the 1905 Revolution"

H. Between the February and October Revolution, LENIN, "The Tasks of the Proletariat in Our Revolution"

I. Objective Conditions for the October Revolution, LENIN, "Marxism and Insurrection"



PART THREE

PRE-CAPITALIST ECONOMIC FORMATIONS AND EUROPE'S TRANSITION TO CAPITALISM

INTRODUCTION
1. ARCHAIC AND ANCIENT SOCIETIES

A. Communal Property Relations, MARX, Pre-Capitalist Economic Formations

B. Stability of the Asiatic Mode of Production, MARX, Capital, vol.I

C. Slavery and Civilization, ENGELS, Anti-Dühring

D. Civilization and the Division of Labor, ENGELS, The Origin of the Family

E. Ancient Use of the Surplus Product, MARX, Theories of Surplus Value

2. FEUDALISM

A. Disintegration of Feudal Landed Property, MARX, Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844

B. Role of Usury in Slave and Feudal Societies, MARX, Capital, vol.III

C. The Peasant in Feudal Germany, ENGELS, The Peasant War in Germany

D. Class, Ideology, and Heresy in Germany, ENGELS, ibid.

3. THE RISE OF CAPITALISM

A. Historical Prerequisites for the Emergence of Capitalism, MARX, Pre-Capitalist Economic Formations

B. Industry and Commerce in the Transition to Capitalism, MARX, Capital, vol.III

C. Prelude to the Bourgeois Revolution in England, MARX, Capital, vol.I

D. From Feudal to Capitalist Commodity Production, ENGELS, Socialism: Utopian and Scientific

E. Genesis of the Industrial Capitalist, MARX, Capital, vol.I

F. The Strife Between Workman and Machine, Marx, ibid.

G. Classes and Ideology in the Transition to Capitalism, ENGELS, "Introduction to the English Edition", Socialism: Utopian and Scientific



PART FOUR

CAPITALISM: ITS DRIVING FORCES AND CONTRADICTIONS

INTRODUCTION
1. LABOR AND THE MEANS OF PRODUCTION

A. The Labor Process, MARX, Capital, vol.I

B. Climate, Geography and Labor Production, MARX, ibid.

C. The Role of Time in Production, MARX, Grundrisse der Kritik der Politischen Ökonomie

2. COMMODITY PRODUCTION

A. The Nature of Commodities, MARX, Capital, vol.I

B. Man Uses Nature to Change It, MARX, ibid.

C. Commodities: A Historical Category, MARX, ibid.

D. Commodities and Money in History, MARX, ibid.

E. The Greed for Gold, MARX, ibid.

F. The Fetishism of Commodities, MARX, ibid.

G. Fetishism and Bourgeois Political Economists, MARX, ibid.

3. WHAT IS CAPITAL?

A. The Starting Point of Capitalist Production, MARX, Capital, vol.I

B. Capitalist Commodity Production, MARX, Capital, vol.II

C. Capital, A Social Relation, MARX, Wage-Labor and Capital

D. Classical Political Economy and the Concept, Value of Labor-Power, MARX, Capital, vol.I

E. Machinery: The Technical Basis of Modern Capitalism, MARX, ibid.

F. Modern Industry and Agriculture, MARX, ibid.

G. Revolutionary Character of Modern Technology, MARX, ibid.

H. The Capitalist Is "Personified Capital", MARX, ibid.

I. The Industrial Manager Under Capitalism, MARX, Capital, vol.III

4. THE WORKING CLASS AND CAPITALISM

A. The Buying and Selling of Labor Power, MARX, Capital, vol.I

B. How the Value of Labor Power is Determined, MARX, ibid.

C. Competition and the Working Class, ENGELS, The Condition of the Working Class in England

D. Machinery and the Prolongation of the Working Day, MARX, Capital, vol.I

E. Working Class Legislation and the Contradictions of Capitalism, MARX, ibid.

F. Alienation and Capitalist Accumulation, MARX, ibid.

G. Housing and the Working Class, ENGELS, The Housing Question

5. CAPITALIST CRISIS

A. "The Real Barrier of Capitalist Production in Capital Itself," MARX, Capital, vol.III

B. Economic Crisis and Capitalist Contradictions, ENGELS, Socialism: Utopian and Scientific

C. The Path Leading Toward Crisis, MARX, Capital, vol.II

D. What is "Overproduction"?, MARX, Theories of Surplus Value

E. Crisis and "Underconsumption", MARX, Capital, vol.II

F. On the Apologetic Denial of Crisis, MARX, Theories of Surplus Value

G. Contradictions Arising from the Growth of Technology and the Concentration of Capital, MARX, Capital, vol.III

6. MONOPOLY AND IMPERIALISM

A. The Development of Monopoly, ENGELS, Socialism: Utopian and Scientific

B. Early Form of Monopoly, ENGELS, Socialism: Utopian and Scientific

C. The Place of Imperialism in History, LENIN, Imperialism

7. CAPITALISM PREPARES THE CONDITIONS FOR COMMUNISM, MARX, Capital, vol.I


PART FIVE

SOCIAL REVOLUTION: TOWARD A SOCIALIST SOCIETY

INTRODUCTION
1. WHAT IS SOCIAL REVOLUTION?

A. Productive Forces and Social Revolutions, MARX & ENGELS, The German Ideology

B. The Nature of Socialist Revolution, ENGELS, Socialism: Utopian and Scientific

C. All Previous Revolutions Those of a Minority, ENGELS, "Introduction", The Class Struggles in France

D. Working Class Liberation and Classless Society, MARX, The Poverty of Philosophy

E. "Everything Seems Pregnant With Its Contrary," MARX, A Speech in London (1856)

F. Revolutionary Theory the Condition for a Revolutionary Movement, LENIN, What Is To Be Done?

2. THEORY OF THE STATE

A. Origins of the State, ENGELS, The Origin of the Family

B. The State: First Ideological Power Over Mankind, ENGELS, Ludwig Feuerbach

C. The Dictatorship of the Proletariat, MARX, Critique of the Gotha Program

D. "The State Is a special Organization of Force," LENIN, The State and Revolution

E. The State and Democracy in the Transition from Capitalism to Communism, LENIN, ibid.

3. IMPERIALISM AND WAR

A. The Marxist Position on War, LENIN, War and the Workers

B. Just and Unjust Wars, LENIN, "The Military Program of the Proletarian Revolution"

4. TACTICS OF PROLETARIAN REVOLUTION

A. Peaceful or Violent Social Transformation?, ENGELS, "Principles of Communism"

B. The Role of Communists in the Class Struggle, MARX & ENGELS, The Communist Manifesto

C. Marxists and Bourgeois Revolutions, LENIN, Two Tactics of Social-Democracy

D. The Goals of the Working Class and the Petty Bourgeoisie, MARX & ENGELS, "Address to the Communist League"

E. "The Fundamental Law of Revolution," LENIN, "Left-Wing" Communism

F. Flexibility in Revolutionary Tactics, LENIN, ibid.

G. Changes in Bourgeois Tactics, LENIN, "Differences in the European Labor Movement"

H. Difficulties of Socialist Revolution, LENIN, "Left-Wing" Communism

I. Forms of Revolutionary Struggle: Partisan Warfare, LENIN, "Partisan Warfare"

5. LABOR OPPORTUNISM

A. Formation of the English Labor Aristocracy, ENGELS, "Preface to the Second Edition" (1892), The Condition of the Working Class in England

B. English Workers and Colonial Policy, ENGELS, Letter to Kautsky

C. Imperialist Base of the English Labor Aristocracy, ENGELS, Letter to Marx

D. Labor Opportunism in the Epoch of Imperialism, LENIN, "Imperialism and the Split in the Socialist Movement"

6. THE NATIONAL MOVEMENT AND THE PROLETARIAT

A. The Marxist Position on the National Question, LENIN, The Right of Nations to Self-Determination

B. Colonial Revolutions and the World Socialist Revolution, LENIN, "Address of November 22, 1919"

7. THE BUILDING OF SOCIALISM

A. The Distributions of the Products of Labor Under Socialism and Under Communism, MARX, Critique of the Gotha Program

B. Varying Paths to Socialism, LENIN, "A Caricature of Marxism"

C. Why the Bolshevik Revolution Succeeded, LENIN, "Left-Wing" Communism

D. The Russian Revolution and American Workers, LENIN, A Letter to American Workers